OPNFV Installation instructions (Apex)


1. Abstract

This document describes how to install the Euphrates release of OPNFV when using Apex as a deployment tool covering it’s limitations, dependencies and required system resources.

2. License

Euphrates release of OPNFV when using Apex as a deployment tool Docs (c) by Tim Rozet (Red Hat) and Dan Radez (Red Hat)

Euphrates release of OPNFV when using Apex as a deployment tool Docs are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. You should have received a copy of the license along with this. If not, see <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/>.

3. Introduction

This document describes the steps to install an OPNFV Euphrates reference platform, as defined by the Genesis Project using the Apex installer.

The audience is assumed to have a good background in networking and Linux administration.

4. Preface

Apex uses Triple-O from the RDO Project OpenStack distribution as a provisioning tool. The Triple-O image based life cycle installation tool provisions an OPNFV Target System (3 controllers, 2 or more compute nodes) with OPNFV specific configuration provided by the Apex deployment tool chain.

The Apex deployment artifacts contain the necessary tools to deploy and configure an OPNFV target system using the Apex deployment toolchain. These artifacts offer the choice of using the Apex bootable ISO (opnfv-apex-euphrates.iso) to both install CentOS 7 and the necessary materials to deploy or the Apex RPMs (opnfv-apex*.rpm), and their associated dependencies, which expects installation to a CentOS 7 libvirt enabled host. The RPM contains a collection of configuration files, prebuilt disk images, and the automatic deployment script (opnfv-deploy).

An OPNFV install requires a “Jump Host” in order to operate. The bootable ISO will allow you to install a customized CentOS 7 release to the Jump Host, which includes the required packages needed to run opnfv-deploy. If you already have a Jump Host with CentOS 7 installed, you may choose to skip the ISO step and simply install the (opnfv-apex*.rpm) RPMs. The RPMs are the same RPMs included in the ISO and include all the necessary disk images and configuration files to execute an OPNFV deployment. Either method will prepare a host to the same ready state for OPNFV deployment.

opnfv-deploy instantiates a Triple-O Undercloud VM server using libvirt as its provider. This VM is then configured and used to provision the OPNFV target deployment (3 controllers, n compute nodes). These nodes can be either virtual or bare metal. This guide contains instructions for installing either method.

5. Triple-O Deployment Architecture

Apex is based on the OpenStack Triple-O project as distributed by the RDO Project. It is important to understand the basics of a Triple-O deployment to help make decisions that will assist in successfully deploying OPNFV.

Triple-O stands for OpenStack On OpenStack. This means that OpenStack will be used to install OpenStack. The target OPNFV deployment is an OpenStack cloud with NFV features built-in that will be deployed by a smaller all-in-one deployment of OpenStack. In this deployment methodology there are two OpenStack installations. They are referred to as the undercloud and the overcloud. The undercloud is used to deploy the overcloud.

The undercloud is the all-in-one installation of OpenStack that includes baremetal provisioning capability. The undercloud will be deployed as a virtual machine on a Jump Host. This VM is pre-built and distributed as part of the Apex RPM.

The overcloud is OPNFV. Configuration will be passed into undercloud and the undercloud will use OpenStack’s orchestration component, named Heat, to execute a deployment that will provision the target OPNFV nodes.

6. Apex High Availability Architecture

6.1. Undercloud

The undercloud is not Highly Available. End users do not depend on the undercloud. It is only for management purposes.

6.2. Overcloud

Apex will deploy three control nodes in an HA deployment. Each of these nodes will run the following services:

  • Stateless OpenStack services
  • MariaDB / Galera
  • RabbitMQ
  • OpenDaylight
  • HA Proxy
  • Pacemaker & VIPs
  • Ceph Monitors and OSDs
Stateless OpenStack services
All running stateless OpenStack services are load balanced by HA Proxy. Pacemaker monitors the services and ensures that they are running.
Stateful OpenStack services
All running stateful OpenStack services are load balanced by HA Proxy. They are monitored by pacemaker in an active/passive failover configuration.
MariaDB / Galera
The MariaDB database is replicated across the control nodes using Galera. Pacemaker is responsible for a proper start up of the Galera cluster. HA Proxy provides and active/passive failover methodology to connections to the database.
The message bus is managed by Pacemaker to ensure proper start up and establishment of clustering across cluster members.
OpenDaylight is currently installed on all three control nodes and started as an HA cluster unless otherwise noted for that scenario. OpenDaylight’s database, known as MD-SAL, breaks up pieces of the database into “shards”. Each shard will have its own election take place, which will determine which OpenDaylight node is the leader for that shard. The other OpenDaylight nodes in the cluster will be in standby. Every Open vSwitch node connects to every OpenDaylight to enable HA.
HA Proxy
HA Proxy is monitored by Pacemaker to ensure it is running across all nodes and available to balance connections.
Pacemaker & VIPs
Pacemaker has relationships and restraints setup to ensure proper service start up order and Virtual IPs associated with specific services are running on the proper host.
Ceph Monitors & OSDs
The Ceph monitors run on each of the control nodes. Each control node also has a Ceph OSD running on it. By default the OSDs use an autogenerated virtual disk as their target device. A non-autogenerated device can be specified in the deploy file.

VM Migration is configured and VMs can be evacuated as needed or as invoked by tools such as heat as part of a monitored stack deployment in the overcloud.

7. OPNFV Scenario Architecture

OPNFV distinguishes different types of SDN controllers, deployment options, and features into “scenarios”. These scenarios are universal across all OPNFV installers, although some may or may not be supported by each installer.

The standard naming convention for a scenario is: <VIM platform>-<SDN type>-<feature>-<ha/noha>

The only supported VIM type is “OS” (OpenStack), while SDN types can be any supported SDN controller. “feature” includes things like ovs_dpdk, sfc, etc. “ha” or “noha” determines if the deployment will be highly available. If “ha” is used at least 3 control nodes are required.

8. OPNFV Scenarios in Apex

Apex provides pre-built scenario files in /etc/opnfv-apex which a user can select from to deploy the desired scenario. Simply pass the desired file to the installer as a (-d) deploy setting. Read further in the Apex documentation to learn more about invoking the deploy command. Below is quick reference matrix for OPNFV scenarios supported in Apex. Please refer to the respective OPNFV Docs documentation for each scenario in order to see a full scenario description. Also, please refer to release notes for information about known issues per scenario. The following scenarios correspond to a supported <Scenario>.yaml deploy settings file:

Scenario Owner Supported
os-nosdn-nofeature-ha Apex Yes
os-nosdn-nofeature-noha Apex Yes
os-nosdn-bar-ha Barometer Yes
os-nosdn-bar-noha Barometer Yes
os-nosdn-calipso-noha Calipso Yes
os-nosdn-ovs_dpdk-ha Apex Yes
os-nosdn-ovs_dpdk-noha Apex Yes
os-nosdn-fdio-ha FDS No
os-nosdn-fdio-noha FDS No
os-nosdn-kvm_ovs_dpdk-ha KVM for NFV Yes
os-nosdn-kvm_ovs_dpdk -noha KVM for NFV Yes
os-nosdn-performance-ha Apex Yes
os-odl-nofeature-ha Apex Yes
os-odl-nofeature-noha Apex Yes
os-odl-ovs_dpdk-ha Apex No
os-odl-ovs_dpdk-noha Apex No
os-odl-bgpvpn-ha SDNVPN Yes
os-odl-bgpvpn-noha SDNVPN Yes
os-odl-sfc-ha SFC No
os-odl-sfc-noha SFC Yes
os-odl-gluon-noha Gluon No
os-odl-csit-noha Apex No
os-odl-fdio-ha FDS Yes
os-odl-fdio-noha FDS Yes
os-odl-fdio_dvr-ha FDS No
os-odl-fdio_dvr-noha FDS No
os-onos-nofeature-ha ONOSFW No
os-onos-sfc-ha ONOSFW No
os-ovn-nofeature-noha Apex Yes

9. Setup Requirements

9.1. Jump Host Requirements

The Jump Host requirements are outlined below:

  1. CentOS 7 (from ISO or self-installed).
  2. Root access.
  3. libvirt virtualization support.
  4. minimum 1 networks and maximum 5 networks, multiple NIC and/or VLAN combinations are supported. This is virtualized for a VM deployment.
  5. The Euphrates Apex RPMs and their dependencies.
  6. 16 GB of RAM for a bare metal deployment, 64 GB of RAM for a Virtual Deployment.

9.2. Network Requirements

Network requirements include:

  1. No DHCP or TFTP server running on networks used by OPNFV.
  2. 1-5 separate networks with connectivity between Jump Host and nodes.
    • Control Plane (Provisioning)
    • Private Tenant-Networking Network*
    • External Network*
    • Storage Network*
    • Internal API Network* (required for IPv6 **)
  3. Lights out OOB network access from Jump Host with IPMI node enabled (bare metal deployment only).
  4. External network is a routable network from outside the cloud, deployment. The External network is where public internet access would reside if available.

*These networks can be combined with each other or all combined on the Control Plane network.

**Internal API network, by default, is collapsed with provisioning in IPv4 deployments, this is not possible with the current lack of PXE boot support and therefore the API network is required to be its own network in an IPv6 deployment.

9.3. Bare Metal Node Requirements

Bare metal nodes require:

  1. IPMI enabled on OOB interface for power control.
  2. BIOS boot priority should be PXE first then local hard disk.
  3. BIOS PXE interface should include Control Plane network mentioned above.

9.4. Execution Requirements (Bare Metal Only)

In order to execute a deployment, one must gather the following information:

  1. IPMI IP addresses for the nodes.
  2. IPMI login information for the nodes (user/pass).
  3. MAC address of Control Plane / Provisioning interfaces of the overcloud nodes.

10. Installation High-Level Overview - Bare Metal Deployment

The setup presumes that you have 6 or more bare metal servers already setup with network connectivity on at least 1 or more network interfaces for all servers via a TOR switch or other network implementation.

The physical TOR switches are not automatically configured from the OPNFV reference platform. All the networks involved in the OPNFV infrastructure as well as the provider networks and the private tenant VLANs needs to be manually configured.

The Jump Host can be installed using the bootable ISO or by using the (opnfv-apex*.rpm) RPMs and their dependencies. The Jump Host should then be configured with an IP gateway on its admin or public interface and configured with a working DNS server. The Jump Host should also have routable access to the lights out network for the overcloud nodes.

opnfv-deploy is then executed in order to deploy the undercloud VM and to provision the overcloud nodes. opnfv-deploy uses three configuration files in order to know how to install and provision the OPNFV target system. The information gathered under section Execution Requirements (Bare Metal Only) is put into the YAML file /etc/opnfv-apex/inventory.yaml configuration file. Deployment options are put into the YAML file /etc/opnfv-apex/deploy_settings.yaml. Alternatively there are pre-baked deploy_settings files available in /etc/opnfv-apex/. These files are named with the naming convention os-sdn_controller-enabled_feature-[no]ha.yaml. These files can be used in place of the /etc/opnfv-apex/deploy_settings.yaml file if one suites your deployment needs. Networking definitions gathered under section Network Requirements are put into the YAML file /etc/opnfv-apex/network_settings.yaml. opnfv-deploy will boot the undercloud VM and load the target deployment configuration into the provisioning toolchain. This information includes MAC address, IPMI, Networking Environment and OPNFV deployment options.

Once configuration is loaded and the undercloud is configured it will then reboot the overcloud nodes via IPMI. The nodes should already be set to PXE boot first off the admin interface. The nodes will first PXE off of the undercloud PXE server and go through a discovery/introspection process.

Introspection boots off of custom introspection PXE images. These images are designed to look at the properties of the hardware that is being booted and report the properties of it back to the undercloud node.

After introspection the undercloud will execute a Heat Stack Deployment to continue node provisioning and configuration. The nodes will reboot and PXE from the undercloud PXE server again to provision each node using Glance disk images provided by the undercloud. These disk images include all the necessary packages and configuration for an OPNFV deployment to execute. Once the disk images have been written to node’s disks the nodes will boot locally and execute cloud-init which will execute the final node configuration. This configuration is largely completed by executing a puppet apply on each node.

11. Installation Guide - Bare Metal Deployment

This section goes step-by-step on how to correctly install and provision the OPNFV target system to bare metal nodes.

11.1. Install Bare Metal Jump Host

1a. If your Jump Host does not have CentOS 7 already on it, or you would like
to do a fresh install, then download the Apex bootable ISO from the OPNFV artifacts site <http://artifacts.opnfv.org/apex.html>. There have been isolated reports of problems with the ISO having trouble completing installation successfully. In the unexpected event the ISO does not work please workaround this by downloading the CentOS 7 DVD and performing a “Virtualization Host” install. If you perform a “Minimal Install” or install type other than “Virtualization Host” simply run sudo yum -y groupinstall "Virtualization Host" chkconfig libvirtd on && reboot to install virtualization support and enable libvirt on boot. If you use the CentOS 7 DVD proceed to step 1b once the CentOS 7 with “Virtualization Host” support is completed.
1b. Boot the ISO off of a USB or other installation media and walk through

installing OPNFV CentOS 7. The ISO comes prepared to be written directly to a USB drive with dd as such:

dd if=opnfv-apex.iso of=/dev/sdX bs=4M

Replace /dev/sdX with the device assigned to your usb drive. Then select the USB device as the boot media on your Jump Host

2a. When not using the OPNFV Apex ISO, install these repos:

sudo yum install https://repos.fedorapeople.org/repos/openstack/openstack-ocata/rdo-release-ocata-3.noarch.rpm sudo yum install epel-release sudo curl -o /etc/yum/repos.d/opnfv-apex.repo http://artifacts.opnfv.org/apex/euphrates/opnfv-apex.repo

The RDO Project release repository is needed to install OpenVSwitch, which is a dependency of opnfv-apex. If you do not have external connectivity to use this repository you need to download the OpenVSwitch RPM from the RDO Project repositories and install it with the opnfv-apex RPM. The opnfv-apex repo hosts all of the Apex dependencies which will automatically be installed when installing RPMs, but will be pre-installed with the ISO.

2b. If you chose not to use the Apex ISO, then you must download and install

the Apex RPMs to the Jump Host. Download the first 3 Apex RPMs from the OPNFV downloads page, under the TripleO RPMs https://www.opnfv.org/software/downloads. The following RPMs are available for installation:

  • opnfv-apex - OpenDaylight, OVN, and nosdn support
  • opnfv-apex-undercloud - (reqed) Undercloud Image
  • python34-opnfv-apex - (reqed) OPNFV Apex Python package
  • python34-markupsafe - (reqed) Dependency of python34-opnfv-apex **
  • python34-jinja2 - (reqed) Dependency of python34-opnfv-apex **
  • python3-ipmi - (reqed) Dependency of python34-opnfv-apex **
  • python34-pbr - (reqed) Dependency of python34-opnfv-apex **
  • python34-virtualbmc - (reqed) Dependency of python34-opnfv-apex **
  • python34-iptables - (reqed) Dependency of python34-opnfv-apex **
  • python34-cryptography - (reqed) Dependency of python34-opnfv-apex **
  • python34-libvirt - (reqed) Dependency of python34-opnfv-apex **

** These RPMs are not yet distributed by CentOS or EPEL. Apex has built these for distribution with Apex while CentOS and EPEL do not distribute them. Once they are carried in an upstream channel Apex will no longer carry them and they will not need special handling for installation. You do not need to explicitly install these as they will be automatically installed by installing python34-opnfv-apex when the opnfv-apex.repo has been previously downloaded to /etc/yum.repos.d/.

Install the three required RPMs (replace <rpm> with the actual downloaded artifact): yum -y install <opnfv-apex.rpm> <opnfv-apex-undercloud> <python34-opnfv-apex>

  1. After the operating system and the opnfv-apex RPMs are installed, login to your Jump Host as root.
  2. Configure IP addresses on the interfaces that you have selected as your networks.
  3. Configure the IP gateway to the Internet either, preferably on the public interface.
  4. Configure your /etc/resolv.conf to point to a DNS server ( is provided by Google).

11.2. Creating a Node Inventory File

IPMI configuration information gathered in section Execution Requirements (Bare Metal Only) needs to be added to the inventory.yaml file.

  1. Copy /usr/share/doc/opnfv/inventory.yaml.example as your inventory file template to /etc/opnfv-apex/inventory.yaml.

  2. The nodes dictionary contains a definition block for each baremetal host that will be deployed. 1 or more compute nodes and 3 controller nodes are required. (The example file contains blocks for each of these already). It is optional at this point to add more compute nodes into the node list.

  3. Edit the following values for each node:

    • mac_address: MAC of the interface that will PXE boot from undercloud

    • ipmi_ip: IPMI IP Address

    • ipmi_user: IPMI username

    • ipmi_password: IPMI password

    • pm_type: Power Management driver to use for the node

      values: pxe_ipmitool (tested) or pxe_wol (untested) or pxe_amt (untested)

    • cpus: (Introspected*) CPU cores available

    • memory: (Introspected*) Memory available in Mib

    • disk: (Introspected*) Disk space available in Gb

    • disk_device: (Opt***) Root disk device to use for installation

    • arch: (Introspected*) System architecture

    • capabilities: (Opt**) Node’s role in deployment

      values: profile:control or profile:compute

    * Introspection looks up the overcloud node’s resources and overrides these value. You can leave default values and Apex will get the correct values when it runs introspection on the nodes.

    ** If capabilities profile is not specified then Apex will select node’s roles in the OPNFV cluster in a non-deterministic fashion.

    *** disk_device declares which hard disk to use as the root device for installation. The format is a comma delimited list of devices, such as “sda,sdb,sdc”. The disk chosen will be the first device in the list which is found by introspection to exist on the system. Currently, only a single definition is allowed for all nodes. Therefore if multiple disk_device definitions occur within the inventory, only the last definition on a node will be used for all nodes.

11.3. Creating the Settings Files

Edit the 2 settings files in /etc/opnfv-apex/. These files have comments to help you customize them.

  1. deploy_settings.yaml This file includes basic configuration options deployment, and also documents all available options. Alternatively, there are pre-built deploy_settings files available in (/etc/opnfv-apex/). These files are named with the naming convention os-sdn_controller-enabled_feature-[no]ha.yaml. These files can be used in place of the (/etc/opnfv-apex/deploy_settings.yaml) file if one suites your deployment needs. If a pre-built deploy_settings file is chosen there is no need to customize (/etc/opnfv-apex/deploy_settings.yaml). The pre-built file can be used in place of the (/etc/opnfv-apex/deploy_settings.yaml) file.
  2. network_settings.yaml This file provides Apex with the networking information that satisfies the prerequisite Network Requirements. These are specific to your environment.

11.4. Running opnfv-deploy

You are now ready to deploy OPNFV using Apex! opnfv-deploy will use the inventory and settings files to deploy OPNFV.

Follow the steps below to execute:

  1. Execute opnfv-deploy sudo opnfv-deploy -n network_settings.yaml -i inventory.yaml -d deploy_settings.yaml If you need more information about the options that can be passed to opnfv-deploy use opnfv-deploy --help. -n network_settings.yaml allows you to customize your networking topology. Note it can also be useful to run the command with the --debug argument which will enable a root login on the overcloud nodes with password: ‘opnfv-apex’. It is also useful in some cases to surround the deploy command with nohup. For example: nohup <deploy command> &, will allow a deployment to continue even if ssh access to the Jump Host is lost during deployment.
  2. Wait while deployment is executed. If something goes wrong during this part of the process, start by reviewing your network or the information in your configuration files. It’s not uncommon for something small to be overlooked or mis-typed. You will also notice outputs in your shell as the deployment progresses.
  3. When the deployment is complete the undercloud IP and overcloud dashboard url will be printed. OPNFV has now been deployed using Apex.

12. Installation High-Level Overview - Virtual Deployment

Deploying virtually is an alternative deployment method to bare metal, where only a single bare metal Jump Host server is required to execute deployment. In this deployment type, the Jump Host server will host the undercloud VM along with any number of OPNFV overcloud control/compute nodes. This deployment type is useful when physical resources are constrained, or there is a desire to deploy a temporary sandbox environment.

The virtual deployment operates almost the same way as the bare metal deployment with a few differences mainly related to power management. opnfv-deploy still deploys an undercloud VM. In addition to the undercloud VM a collection of VMs (3 control nodes + 2 compute for an HA deployment or 1 control node and 1 or more compute nodes for a Non-HA Deployment) will be defined for the target OPNFV deployment. All overcloud VMs are registered with a Virtual BMC emulator which will service power management (IPMI) commands. The overcloud VMs are still provisioned with the same disk images and configuration that baremetal would use.

To Triple-O these nodes look like they have just built and registered the same way as bare metal nodes, the main difference is the use of a libvirt driver for the power management. Finally, the default network settings file will deploy without modification. Customizations are welcome but not needed if a generic set of network settings are acceptable.

13. Installation Guide - Virtual Deployment

This section goes step-by-step on how to correctly install and provision the OPNFV target system to VM nodes.

13.1. Special Requirements for Virtual Deployments

In scenarios where advanced performance options or features are used, such as using huge pages with nova instances, DPDK, or iommu; it is required to enabled nested KVM support. This allows hardware extensions to be passed to the overcloud VMs, which will allow the overcloud compute nodes to bring up KVM guest nova instances, rather than QEMU. This also provides a great performance increase even in non-required scenarios and is recommended to be enabled.

During deployment the Apex installer will detect if nested KVM is enabled, and if not, it will attempt to enable it; while printing a warning message if it cannot. Check to make sure before deployment that Nested Virtualization is enabled in BIOS, and that the output of cat /sys/module/kvm_intel/parameters/nested returns “Y”. Also verify using lsmod that the kvm_intel module is loaded for x86_64 machines, and kvm_amd is loaded for AMD64 machines.

13.2. Install Jump Host

Follow the instructions in the Install Bare Metal Jump Host section.

13.3. Running opnfv-deploy

You are now ready to deploy OPNFV! opnfv-deploy has virtual deployment capability that includes all of the configuration necessary to deploy OPNFV with no modifications.

If no modifications are made to the included configurations the target environment will deploy with the following architecture:

  • 1 undercloud VM
  • The option of 3 control and 2 or more compute VMs (HA Deploy / default) or 1 control and 1 or more compute VM (Non-HA deploy / pass -n)
  • 1-5 networks: provisioning, private tenant networking, external, storage and internal API. The API, storage and tenant networking networks can be collapsed onto the provisioning network.

Follow the steps below to execute:

  1. sudo opnfv-deploy -v [ --virtual-computes n ] [ --virtual-cpus n ] [ --virtual-ram n ] -n network_settings.yaml -d deploy_settings.yaml Note it can also be useful to run the command with the --debug argument which will enable a root login on the overcloud nodes with password: ‘opnfv-apex’. It is also useful in some cases to surround the deploy command with nohup. For example: nohup <deploy command> &, will allow a deployment to continue even if ssh access to the Jump Host is lost during deployment.
  2. It will take approximately 45 minutes to an hour to stand up undercloud, define the target virtual machines, configure the deployment and execute the deployment. You will notice different outputs in your shell.
  3. When the deployment is complete the IP for the undercloud and a url for the OpenStack dashboard will be displayed

13.4. Verifying the Setup - VMs

To verify the set you can follow the instructions in the Verifying the Setup section.

14. Verifying the Setup

Once the deployment has finished, the OPNFV deployment can be accessed via the undercloud node. From the Jump Host ssh to the undercloud host and become the stack user. Alternatively ssh keys have been setup such that the root user on the Jump Host can ssh to undercloud directly as the stack user. For convenience a utility script has been provided to look up the undercloud’s ip address and ssh to the undercloud all in one command. An optional user name can be passed to indicate whether to connect as the stack or root user. The stack user is default if a username is not specified.

opnfv-util undercloud root
su - stack

Once connected to undercloud as the stack user look for two keystone files that can be used to interact with the undercloud and the overcloud. Source the appropriate RC file to interact with the respective OpenStack deployment.

source stackrc (undercloud)
source overcloudrc (overcloud / OPNFV)

The contents of these files include the credentials for the administrative user for undercloud and OPNFV respectively. At this point both undercloud and OPNFV can be interacted with just as any OpenStack installation can be. Start by listing the nodes in the undercloud that were used to deploy the overcloud.

source stackrc
openstack server list

The control and compute nodes will be listed in the output of this server list command. The IP addresses that are listed are the control plane addresses that were used to provision the nodes. Use these IP addresses to connect to these nodes. Initial authentication requires using the user heat-admin.

ssh heat-admin@

To begin creating users, images, networks, servers, etc in OPNFV source the overcloudrc file or retrieve the admin user’s credentials from the overcloudrc file and connect to the web Dashboard.

You are now able to follow the OpenStack Verification section.

15. OpenStack Verification

Once connected to the OPNFV Dashboard make sure the OPNFV target system is working correctly:

  1. In the left pane, click Compute -> Images, click Create Image.
  2. Insert a name “cirros”, Insert an Image Location http://download.cirros-cloud.net/0.3.5/cirros-0.3.5-x86_64-disk.img.
  3. Select format “QCOW2”, select Public, then click Create Image.
  4. Now click Project -> Network -> Networks, click Create Network.
  5. Enter a name “internal”, click Next.
  6. Enter a subnet name “internal_subnet”, and enter Network Address, click Next.
  7. Now go to Project -> Compute -> Instances, click Launch Instance.
  8. Enter Instance Name “first_instance”, select Instance Boot Source “Boot from image”, and then select Image Name “cirros”.
  9. Click Launch, status will cycle though a couple states before becoming “Active”.
  10. Steps 7 though 9 can be repeated to launch more instances.
  11. Once an instance becomes “Active” their IP addresses will display on the Instances page.
  12. Click the name of an instance, then the “Console” tab and login as “cirros”/”cubswin:)”
  13. To verify storage is working, click Project -> Compute -> Volumes, Create Volume
  14. Give the volume a name and a size of 1 GB
  15. Once the volume becomes “Available” click the dropdown arrow and attach it to an instance.

Congratulations you have successfully installed OPNFV!

16. Developer Guide and Troubleshooting

This section aims to explain in more detail the steps that Apex follows to make a deployment. It also tries to explain possible issues you might find in the process of building or deploying an environment.

After installing the Apex RPMs in the Jump Host, some files will be located around the system.

  1. /etc/opnfv-apex: this directory contains a bunch of scenarios to be deployed with different characteristics such HA (High Availability), SDN controller integration (OpenDaylight/ONOS), BGPVPN, FDIO, etc. Having a look at any of these files will give you an idea of how to make a customized scenario setting up different flags.
  2. /usr/bin/: it contains the binaries for the commands opnfv-deploy, opnfv-clean and opnfv-util.
  3. /usr/share/opnfv/: contains Ansible playbooks and other non-python based configuration and libraries.
  4. /var/opt/opnfv/: contains disk images for Undercloud and Overcloud

16.1. Utilization of Images

As mentioned earlier in this guide, the Undercloud VM will be in charge of deploying OPNFV (Overcloud VMs). Since the Undercloud is an all-in-one OpenStack deployment, it will use Glance to manage the images that will be deployed as the Overcloud.

So whatever customization that is done to the images located in the jumpserver (/var/opt/opnfv/images) will be uploaded to the undercloud and consequently, to the overcloud.

Make sure, the customization is performed on the right image. For example, if I virt-customize the following image overcloud-full-opendaylight.qcow2, but then I deploy OPNFV with the following command:

sudo opnfv-deploy -n network_settings.yaml -d /etc/opnfv-apex/os-onos-nofeature-ha.yaml

It will not have any effect over the deployment, since the customized image is the opendaylight one, and the scenario indicates that the image to be deployed is the overcloud-full-onos.qcow2.

16.2. Post-deployment Configuration

Post-deployment scripts will perform some configuration tasks such ssh-key injection, network configuration, NATing, OpenVswitch creation. It will take care of some OpenStack tasks such creation of endpoints, external networks, users, projects, etc.

If any of these steps fail, the execution will be interrupted. In some cases, the interruption occurs at very early stages, so a new deployment must be executed. However, some other cases it could be worth it to try to debug it.

  1. There is not external connectivity from the overcloud nodes:

    Post-deployment scripts will configure the routing, nameservers and a bunch of other things between the overcloud and the undercloud. If local connectivity, like pinging between the different nodes, is working fine, script must have failed when configuring the NAT via iptables. The main rules to enable external connectivity would look like these:

    iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s ${external_cidr} -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE iptables -A FORWARD -i eth2 -j ACCEPT iptables -A FORWARD -s ${external_cidr} -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT service iptables save

    These rules must be executed as root (or sudo) in the undercloud machine.

16.3. OpenDaylight Integration

When a user deploys a scenario that starts with os-odl*:

OpenDaylight (ODL) SDN controller will be deployed and integrated with OpenStack. ODL will run as a systemd service, and can be managed as as a regular service:

systemctl start/restart/stop opendaylight.service

This command must be executed as root in the controller node of the overcloud, where OpenDaylight is running. ODL files are located in /opt/opendaylight. ODL uses karaf as a Java container management system that allows the users to install new features, check logs and configure a lot of things. In order to connect to Karaf’s console, use the following command:

opnfv-util opendaylight

This command is very easy to use, but in case it is not connecting to Karaf, this is the command that is executing underneath:

ssh -p 8101 -o UserKnownHostsFile=/dev/null -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no karaf@localhost

Of course, localhost when the command is executed in the overcloud controller, but you use its public IP to connect from elsewhere.

16.4. Debugging Failures

This section will try to gather different type of failures, the root cause and some possible solutions or workarounds to get the process continued.

  1. I can see in the output log a post-deployment error messages:

    Heat resources will apply puppet manifests during this phase. If one of these processes fail, you could try to see the error and after that, re-run puppet to apply that manifest. Log into the controller (see verification section for that) and check as root /var/log/messages. Search for the error you have encountered and see if you can fix it. In order to re-run the puppet manifest, search for “puppet apply” in that same log. You will have to run the last “puppet apply” before the error. And It should look like this:

    FACTER_heat_outputs_path="/var/run/heat-config/heat-config-puppet/5b4c7a01-0d63-4a71-81e9-d5ee6f0a1f2f"  FACTER_fqdn="overcloud-controller-0.localdomain.com" \ FACTER_deploy_config_name="ControllerOvercloudServicesDeployment_Step4"  puppet apply --detailed-exitcodes -l syslog -l console \ /var/lib/heat-config/heat-config-puppet/5b4c7a01-0d63-4a71-81e9-d5ee6f0a1f2f.pp

    As a comment, Heat will trigger the puppet run via os-apply-config and it will pass a different value for step each time. There is a total of five steps. Some of these steps will not be executed depending on the type of scenario that is being deployed.

17. Frequently Asked Questions

18. License

All Apex and “common” entities are protected by the Apache 2.0 License.

19. References

19.1. OPNFV

OPNFV Home Page

OPNFV Apex project page

OPNFV Apex Release Notes

19.3. OpenDaylight

Upstream OpenDaylight provides a number of packaging and deployment options meant for consumption by downstream projects like OPNFV.

Currently, OPNFV Apex uses OpenDaylight’s Puppet module, which in turn depends on OpenDaylight’s RPM.

19.4. RDO Project

RDO Project website

Authors:Tim Rozet (trozet@redhat.com)
Authors:Dan Radez (dradez@redhat.com)

Indices and tables